From the London’s World Fair of 1862. It depicts the Crystal Palace designed by Sir Joseph Paxton, who was knighted for this project. These pipes were are called "Cadger" "Advertique" or "Novelty" pipes and were mainly made in England, France, Germany and Holland by a number of successful makers. Often these large pipes would be used as a display piece in the shop window of merchants selling tobacco related products. They were also bought and used by various smoking social clubs who would pass the pipe around the group (use in initiation ceremonies by some groups is also true). Others were bought by collectors or as novelty items to impress smoking companions. Others were given as gifts at weddings.
This clay pipe is by Crop of London. It is likely that Crop was the first to make the large pipe for the 1862 exhibition and other makers followed the idea afterwards. The Charles Crop version 152613 (36 Great James St, London) was registered on 17th June 1862 and this pipe is very well molded to a very high standard with pictures of a steam train and steam ship below the main building subject that wraps completely around the pipe bowl. The building shows a huge dome on the top. The registration mark appears in a diamond cartouche on the side of the stem.